There are chemicals involved in rubber processing like sulphur, zinc oxide, TMT, titanium, MBTS, minerals like calcium carbonate, carbon, processing oil called RPO or Rubber Processing Oil. Ban-bury mixture, kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extrude machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure, and cooling conditioner, are the machineries used in rubber processing machinery which also mixes all the ingredients together. Rubber comes in two types namely natural and synthetic.
Natural rubber is derived from the rubber tree. The latex, which is the milk type of material leaking from the rubber tree, is processed for application.
Synthetic rubber is a petroleum based product. By means of industrial application, synthetic rubber is manufactured using content derived from crude oil and with the addition of certain chemicals. There are many varieties of synthetic rubber available in the market. Some of these are Chloroprene (Neoprene), Silicone, EPDM, Fluoro-elastomer, Nitrile, Hypalon, and Butyl. All of these grades differ in terms of their application and specifications.
Oil, acid, alkali, hydrocarbons, and heat can all be resisted by Neoprene.
Silicone can stand very high temperatures. This material can bear up to 250 degrees Celcius.
The type of rubber resistant to weather, temperature, aging, and radiation is EPDM. The reason why EPDM is widely used in waterproof roofing, and canal and ponds lining is that it prevents water or liquid to pass through. Know more claims about rubbers at https://www.britannica.com/science/rubber-chemical-compound.
Nitrile or NBR sheets are used as gaskets for packing purposes since they are permeable to gases.
Fluoro-elastomer or viton is a type of rubber at this website which is resistant to a wide range of oils and solvents. This type of rubber exhibits good abrasion and is tear resistant. This type of rubber can also be used in high temperatures.
The demand for rubber has been increasing over the past few years. It is the revolution in the automobile sector that is responsible for the increase. Every automobile needs tires. And tires are the reason why the prices of natural and synthetic rubber are increasing every day. The tire industry consumes 80 percent of the entire rubber production in the world.
We can find other major rubber products in the market. Industrial rubber sheets are used in a variety of applications like gaskets, packing, electrical insulation and matting purposes. The blend of natural and synthetic rubber are now used for manufacturing rubber sheets which come in different colors like green, red, blue, and black. The prefer to use the black color for industrial purposes.
There are different raw materials used in rubber sheet manufacturing depending on the bases of application. Silicone is used for heat resistance, neoprene for acid and heat resistance, and other materials for other applications.
Hoses, mats, tires, condoms, medical equipment, oil seals, gaskets, yoga mats, conveyor belts, footwear, printing rollers, electrical insulation mats, etc,. are the other products using rubber aside from industrial rubber sheets.